Kajian Penggunaan Biourine Sapi dan Ekstrak Bawang Merah Terhadap Sifat Agronomi Tanaman Kubis (Brasicca oleracea L.) Dataran Rendah

  • Tutik Nugrahini
  • Asiah Wati Widya Gama Mahakam University
  • Dwi Indriani Widya Gama Mahakam University
Keywords: cabbage, beef biourine, shallot extract

Abstract

Cabbage (Brasicca oleracea L.) is one type of vegetable plant from the Brassicaceae family. This plant is a source of nutrients that contain nutrients, vitamins, minerals and fiber for the human body. And has economic value. Cabbage cultivation is influenced by the types of cultivated varieties that are in accordance with growing conditions. In general, cabbage plants grow on highlands. Along with advances in plant breeding technology, cabbage plants are available that can adapt to the lowlands and technically attempt to increase production by fertilizing. The study aimed to determine the effect of beef biourine, red onion extract and beef biourine and red onion extract on the agronomic properties of cabbage plants. The study was conducted for 4 months, from February to June 2018. The location of the study was carried out in the Sempaja Timur Village, Samarinda City, East Kalimantan Province. cabbage seeds, top soil, manure, husks, NPK fertilizer, cow urine, empon-empon, soybeans, brown sugar, shallots. The design used in this study is Factorial Randomized Block Design (RBD) with 2 treatments. The first treatment was beef biourine (S) with 4 levels, namely with 3 replications: s0: control (water), s1: 25% concentration of cow biourine, s2: 75% concentration of bovine biourine, s3: 100% concentration of bovine biourine and second treatment red onion extract (B) with 4 levels, namely: b0: control (water), b1: 25% concentration of red onion extract, b2: 75% concentration of red onion extract, b3: 100% concentration of shallot extract. The results of research on bovine biourine influenced plant height, number of leaves at ages 7, 14, 21, 28.35 and 42 days after planting. The weight of the crop with the best results at the level of b2 (75% biourine cow) weighing 596.58 grams, onion extract affects plant height, number of leaves at 7, 14, 21, 28.35 and 42 hst, crop weight with the best results at the m2 level (75% red onion extract) with a weight of 567.14 grams and the interaction of the treatment of beef biourine and shallots affects plant height, number of leaves at the ages of 7, 14, 21, 28.35 and 42 days and days formed at the level b2m2 (75% beef biourine and 75 red onion extracts).

References

Anonim. 2016. Laporan Kerja Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Penelitian Kementerian Pertanian. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Penelitian Kementerian Pertanian. Jakarta.

Bilad. MR. 2011. Biourine atau Urine Sebagai Pupuk Organik Cair. Alternatif Yang Lebih Baik. http://www.Sasak.Org. Diakases Tanggal 1 September 2018.

BPS.2017.htpp://kaltim.bps.go.id/statictable/2015/03/10/38/produksi-buah-buahan-menurut-jenisnya-ton-tahun2011-2015-.html. Diakses 1 September 2018.

Erwin, Nur, Muhammad Asfian, Panggabean, A. Sentosa. 2015. Potensi Pemanfaatan Ekstrak Kubis Unggu (Brassica oleracea L) sebagai Indikator Asam Basa Alami. Kimia FMIPA Unmul Kimia FMIPA Unmul Jurusan Kimia FMIPA. Universitas Mulawarman. Samarinda.

Gomez, K.A dan A.A Gomez. 1995. Prosedur Statistika untuk Penelitian Pertanian (Terjemahan A. Sjamsuddin & J.S Baharsyah). Edisi Kedua. UI Press. Jakarta.

Hanafiah, Kemas Ali. 2005. Rancangan Percobaan. PT. RajaGrafindo. Jakarta.

Hariyah. A. 2008. Pengaruh Dosis dan Interval Pemupukan Biourine Sapi Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Cabai Besar Var. Hot Beauty (Capsicum annuum L). Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Mulawarman. Samarinda.

Husein, E., Saraswati. R. 2010. Rhizobakteri Pemacu Tumbuh Tanaman. Pupuk Organik dan dan Pupuk Hayati. 191 -209.

Irawati. Syfandy. 2017. Pengaruh Ekstrak Limbah Bawang Merah (Alium cepa L). Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Sawi (Brassica juncea L) Secara Hidroponik sebagai Penunjang Praktikum Mata Kuliah Fisiologi Tumbuhan. Thesis. Universitas Islam Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh. Aceh.

Marsono dan Lingga, Pinus. 2006. Petunjuk Penggunaan Pupuk. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Pranata, A. S. 2004. Meningkatkan Hasil Panen dengan Pupuk Organik. Agromedia Pustaka. Bogor.

Purwanti, Novi Irma. 2017. Aplikasi Ekstrak Bawang Merah Sebagai Zat Pengatur Tumbuh pada Kedelai Varietas Grobogan. Other Thesis. Universitas Sebelas Maret. Surakarta.

Puspita, Putri Bella. 2015. Pengaruh Biourine Sapi dan Berbagai Dosis N terhadap Tanaman Kailan (Brassica oleraceae L). . Jurnal Produksi Tanaman. Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.

Rukmana, R. 2010. Budidaya Kubis Bunga dan Broccoli. Kanisius. Yogyakarta.

Siti, Masitoh. 2016. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Ekstrak Bawang Merah terhadap Pertumbuhan Stek Batang Buah Naga Merah (Hylocereus costaricensis) (Web.) Britton and Rose. Skripsi Agroteknologi Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Lampung. Bandar Lampung.

Steel, R. G. D dan J. H. Torrie. 1991. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika Suatu Biometric Terjemahan Bambangan Sumantri. Gramedia Pustaka. Jakarta.

Sunarjono. H. H. 2011. Bertanam 30 Jenis Sayur. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Sutedjo. M. M. 2008. Pupuk dan Cara Pemupukan. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta.

Yuliarta, B. 2014. Pengaruh Biourine Sapid an Berbagai Dosis Pupuk NPK terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Selada Krop (Lactuca sativa L). Jurnal Produksi Tanaman. Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.

Yusrani, Awang dan Subroto. 2005. Kesuburan dan Pemanfaatan Tanah. Banyumedia Pubslishing. Malang.

Published
2019-01-30
How to Cite
Nugrahini, T., Wati, A., & Indriani, D. (2019). Kajian Penggunaan Biourine Sapi dan Ekstrak Bawang Merah Terhadap Sifat Agronomi Tanaman Kubis (Brasicca oleracea L.) Dataran Rendah. Agrifarm : Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian, 7(2), 63-69. https://doi.org/10.24903/ajip.v7i2.434
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

> >>