The Effect Of Health Education On Groom And Bride Candidates’ Attitude And Belief In Tarakan City
Background.The attitude and belief of groom and bride candidates on exclusive breastfeeding were still low.
Objective.This study aimed at examining the effect of exclusive breastfeeding module on the attitude and belief of groom and bride candidates at Tarakan City.
Method. This study applied quantitative approach with pre-test post-test. The subjects of this research were groom and bride candidates who attended pre-marriage counseling at Ministry of Religion office of Tarakan City where the number of sample were 100 respondents. The distribution of exclusive breastfeeding module was done after pre-test to measure the groom and bride candidates’ attitude towards exclusive breastfeeding. The data analysis was done using T-test of Paired Samples Test.
Findings. The characteristics of male respondents in Module Reading group were generally aged from 25 to 30 years old (52%) and those who belonged to Lecture Listening group were generally aged from 20 to 24 years old and 25 to 30 years old (32% and 32%). Female respondents in Module Reading group and Lecture Listening group were generally aged from 25 to 29 years old (40%) and 20 to 24 years old (56%). The attitude and belief of the male respondents in all groups after intervention were, in general, statistically meaningful to the value of p<0.05. The attitude of female respondents in module reading group was not meaningful while the belief of female respondents in Lecture Listening group was also not meaningful.
Health Education can improve the attitude and belief of male respondents on exclusive breastfeeding while the attitude and belief of female respondents in all groups were different from the male respondents’ after the intervention. It is suggested that exclusive breastfeeding materials are given to groom and bride candidates.
Key words: Attitude and Belief, Groom and Bride Candidates, Exclusive Breastfeeding
1. WHO. Infant and young child feeding Model Chapter for textbooks for medical students and allied health professionals. 2009.
2. Shalaby HA, Obaid RA, Alharthi RH, et al. Health education role in promoting mothers’ beliefs, knowledge and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital population. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health. 2019;6(5):1853.
3. Victora CG, Bahl R, Barros AJ, et al. Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect. Lancet. Jan 30 2016;387(10017):475-490.
4. Abdulahi M, Fretheim A, Magnus JH. Effect of breastfeeding education and support intervention (BFESI) versus routine care on timely initiation and exclusive breastfeeding in Southwest Ethiopia: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial. BMC Pediatr. Sep 26 2018;18(1):313.
5. Teka B, Assefa H, Haileslassie K. Prevalence and determinant factors of exclusive breastfeeding practices among mothers in Enderta woreda, Tigray, North Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. International breastfeeding journal. 2015;10(1):2.
6. Sutardjo U. Profil Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Jakarta Indonesia: Kementerian Kesehatan; 2015.
7. BKKBN. Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia. 2017.
8. Kesehatan K. Riset Kesehatan Dasar. 2018.
9. Sutarjo US. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Indonesia; 2015.
10. Kramer MS, Kakuma R. The optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding: a systematic review. Advances in experimental medicine and biology. 2004;554:63-77.
11. Lamberti LM, Zakarija-Grkovic I, Fischer Walker CL, et al. Breastfeeding for reducing the risk of pneumonia morbidity and mortality in children under two: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. BMC public health. 2013 2013-09-21 2013;13(Suppl 3).
12. Ericson J, Eriksson M, Hellström-Westas L, Hagberg L, Hoddinott P, Flacking R. The effectiveness of proactive telephone support provided to breastfeeding mothers of preterm infants: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Pediatrics. 20132014-08-01 2013;13:73.
13. Teka B, Assefa H, Haileslassie K. Prevalence and determinant factors of exclusive breastfeeding practices among mothers in Enderta woreda, Tigray, North Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. International breastfeeding journal. 2015;10(1):1.
14. Hansen K. Breastfeeding: A smart investment in people and in economies. Lancet. 2016:187.
15. Horta BL, Victora CG, World Health O. Short-term effects of breastfeeding: a systematic review on the benefits of breastfeeding on diarrhoea and pneumonia mortality. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2013.
16. G Bowatte 1 RT, K J Allen 2 3 , D J Tan 1 4 , Mxz Lau 1 , X Dai 1 , C J Lodge 1 2. Breastfeeding and childhood acute otitis media: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Acta paediatrica. 2015.
17. Peres KGC, A.M.; Nascimento, G.G.; Victora, C.G. . Effect of breastfeeding on malocclusions: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Acta paediatrica. 2015.
18. Ericson J, Eriksson M, Hellström-Westas L, Hagberg L, Hoddinott P, Flacking R. The effectiveness of proactive telephone support provided to breastfeeding mothers of preterm infants: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC pediatrics. 2013;13(1):1.
19. Roia A, Paviotti E, Ferluga V, et al. Promoting effective child development practices in the first year of life: does timing make a difference? BMC Pediatrics. 2014 2014-11-08 2014;14:222.
20. Horta BLdM, C.L.; Victora, C.G. Long-term consequences of breastfeeding on cholesterol, obesity, systolic blood pressure, and type-2 diabetes: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Acta Paediatr. 2015:30-37.
21. Rollins NCB, N.; Hajeebhoy, N.; Horton, S.; Lutter, C.K.; Martines, J.C.; Piwoz, E.G.; Richter, L.M.; Victora, C.G. . Breastfeeding Series Group. Why invest, and what it will take to improve breastfeeding practices ? . Lancet. 2016:491–504.
22. World Health O. WHO recommendations on postnatal care of the mother and newborn. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2014.
23. al LMGe. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Pediatrics. 2005.
24. RI KK. Peraturan Pemerintah (PP) No. 33 Tahun 2012 tentang Pemberian Air Susu Ibu Eksklusif. 2012.
25. Muhammad Aris M, Lily Herawati and Faizal Mustamin. Effect of Module Exclusive Breastfeeding Knowledge, Attitude and Confidence in Young Women in Tarakan. International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences. 2019;7:1-6.
26. Zeller CL. Effects of a Breastfeeding Education Module on the Breastfeeding Knowledge and Attitudes of Middle School Students [D.N.P.]. Ann Arbor, Carlow University; 2014.
27. Costa MM, Diniz-Santos DR, Santana JS, Silva LR. The impact of an educational intervention on breastfeeding. Health Education. 2006;106(4):309-314.
28. TARAKAN BK. Proyeksi Penduduk Menurut Jenis Kelamin per Kecamatan di Kota Tarakan, 2010-2020. 2020.
29. Agama K. Kantor Kementerian Agama Kota Tarakan. 2020.
30. Aris M, Hadju V, Bahar B, Nyorong M. An influence of the exclusive breastfeeding education knowledge, attitude, and beliefs for the princess youth in urban and rural areas in North Kalimantan-Indonesia. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. March 1, 2018 2018;11(2):52-57.
31. Zeller CL. Effects of education on breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes among middle school students. Health Education Journal. 2015.
32. Muh. Aris VH, Burhanuddin Baharc, Mappeaty Nyorongd. Knowledge, Attitudes, Confidence of Teenage Girls in Rural and Urban Areas toward the Exclusive Mother Breast Milk. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR). 2015;29(1):181-190.
33. Teka B, Assefa H, Haileslassie K. Prevalence and determinant factors of exclusive breastfeeding practices among mothers in Enderta woreda, Tigray, North Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. International breastfeeding journal. 2015;10(1):2.
34. Arenz S, Rückerl R, Koletzko B, von Kries R. Breast-feeding and childhood obesity—a systematic review. International Journal of Obesity. 2004/10/01 2004;28(10):1247-1256.
35. Harder T, Bergmann R, Kallischnigg G, Plagemann A. Duration of Breastfeeding and Risk of Overweight: A Meta-Analysis. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2005;162(5):397-403.
36. Owen CG, Martin RM, Whincup PH, Smith GD, Cook DG. Effect of infant feeding on the risk of obesity across the life course: a quantitative review of published evidence. Pediatrics. May 2005;115(5):1367-1377.
37. Bhandari N, Bahl R, Mazumdar S, et al. Effect of community-based promotion of exclusive breastfeeding on diarrhoeal illness and growth: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet (London, England). 2003/04// 2003;361(9367):1418-1423.
38. Brown KH, Black RE, Lopez de Romaña G, Creed de Kanashiro H. Infant-feeding practices and their relationship with diarrheal and other diseases in Huascar (Lima), Peru. Pediatrics. Jan 1989;83(1):31-40.
39. Sullivan R BA, McIntosh N, Lowry E, Berghtold G & R, M. (1998) Clinical training skills for reproductive health professionals (second edition), Baltimore:JHPIEGO. Clinical Training Skills for Reproductive Health Professionals, Second Edition. 1998. 2009.
40. Jumiyati NSA, Ani Margawati. THE IMPACT OF MODULE INCREASE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE AMONG THE HEALTH SERVICE PROVIDERS Â TO PROMOTE EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING. Gizi Indonesia : Journal of The Indonesian Nutrition Association. 2014;Vol 37, No 1 (2014) 19-28.
41. Gyampoh S, Otoo GE, Aryeetey RN. Child feeding knowledge and practices among womenparticipating in growth monitoring and promotion in Accra, Ghana. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. May 29 2014;14:180.
Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Aris, Syamsiah Syam, Asma
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.