KESMAS UWIGAMA: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS <p>KESMAS UWIGAMA: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat&nbsp;is a scientific journal published by Faculty of Public Health,&nbsp; Universitas Widya Gama Mahakam, with&nbsp;<a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1430741274"><strong>pISSN 2460-0350</strong></a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1441164158"><strong>eISSN 2477-5819</strong></a><strong>&nbsp;publish twice a year in June&nbsp;and December</strong>. This journal receives scientific writing in the form of a research report (Original article research paper). The accepted articles will be available online following the journal peer-reviewing process. The language used in this journal is Bahasa Indonesia or English.</p> en-US <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/"><strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</strong></a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/kesmas/CCC1.jpg"></p> rindhamareta@uwgm.ac.id (Rindha Mareta Kusumawati) istiarto@uwgm.ac.id (Istiarto) Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0700 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Factors related to Pulmonary Tuberculosis Incident in Public Health Center of Limboto Year 2018 http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS/article/view/909 <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong></p> <p><em>Based on Indonesian Basic Health Research Data 2018 showed that Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) incidence in Indonesia 2013-2018 are 0,4%, whereas in Gorontalo district on last 3 years who has Pulmonary Tuberculosis with prevalence 626 cases. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Objectives:</em></strong></p> <p><em>The research aims at investigating the factors related with Pulmonary Tuberculosis incidence in Puskesmas Limboto 2018.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Research Metodes: </em></strong></p> <p><em>This research used observational analytic with cross sectional study. The populations of this research are all patients pulmonary tuberculosis and suspect of Pulmonary Tuberculosis 478 respondents, with total of samples are 220 respondents. The techniques of collecting samples used purposive random sampling.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong></p> <p><em>The findings reveal that Fisher exact value 0,000 &lt; ɑ=0,05 which means there is a relation between age with Pulmonary Tuberculosis incidence. X<sup>2 </sup>count value 0,000 &lt; ɑ=0,05 which means there is a relation between education with Pulmonary Tuberculosis incidence. X<sup>2 </sup>count value 0,000 &lt; ɑ=0,05 which means there is a relation between economy status with Pulmonary Tuberculosis incidence. X<sup>2 </sup>count p value 0,000 &lt; ɑ=0,05 which means there is a relation between smoke habit with Pulmonary Tuberculosis incidence. X<sup>2 </sup>count p value 0,000 &lt; ɑ=0,05 which means there is a relation between home contact with Pulmonary Tuberculosis incidence.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong></p> <p><em>There are relationships between age, education, economic status, smoking and home contact with the incidence of pulmonary Tuberculosis in Public Health Center of Limboto in Limboto subdistric Gorontalo District in 2018.</em></p> <p>Keywords: <strong><em>Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Age, Education, Economy Status, Smoke and Home Contact</em></strong><strong>.</strong></p> Ririn Pakaya Copyright (c) 2020 Ririn Pakaya, Firdausi Ramadhani, Franning Deisi Badu, Nurul Fatimah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS/article/view/909 Thu, 09 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Pola Makan Mempengaruhi Kejadian Sindrom Dispepsia pada Mahasiswa STIKES Graha Medika Kotamobagu http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS/article/view/857 <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong></p> <p><em>Dyspepsia is a set of symptoms in the form of complaints of pain, a feeling of persistent or episodic discomfort in upper stomach accompanied by complaints such as feeling full when eating, satiety, heartburn, bloating, belching, anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. Dyspepsia is one type non contagious disease that occurs not only in Indonesia, but also in the world. Globally there are about 15-40% of the population is dyspepsia sufferers. Every year this complaint concerns 25% of the world's population. In Asia the prevalence of dyspepsia ranges from 8-30%.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Objectives:</em></strong></p> <p><em>The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between eating patterns and the incidence of dyspeptic syndrome in the students of Graha Medika College of Health Sciences, Kotamobagu.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Research Metodes: </em></strong></p> <p><em>This study applied observational analytic study with cross sectional study approach. The population was all active students of Graha Medika College of Health Sciences, as many as 885 with a total sample of 151 respondents. The sampling technique used was simple random sampling. Data were collected by direct interviews with respondents using a questionnaire and analyzed univariately and bivariately using the chi square test.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong></p> <p><em>Statistical test results indicated that there was a relationship between eating patterns (p = 0.006) to the incidence of dyspepsia syndrome in students of Graha Medika College of Health Sciences.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong></p> <p><em>There was a relationship between eating pattern and dyspepsia syndrome.</em></p> Hairil Akbar Copyright (c) 2020 Hairil Akbar http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS/article/view/857 Fri, 10 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Hubungan Personal Hygiene dengan Kejadian Skabies di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Juntinyuat Kabupaten Indramayu http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS/article/view/854 <p><strong><em>Latar belakang:</em></strong></p><p>Skabies merupakan penyakit kulit yang masih sering dijumpai di Indonesia dan tetap menjadi masalah kesehatan masyarakat. Angka prevalensi skabies diseluruh dunia dilaporkan sekitar 300 juta kasus per tahun dimana di Indonesia skabies menduduki urutan ketiga dari 12 penyakit kulit tersering.</p><p><strong><em>Tujuan:</em></strong></p><p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan kebiasaan mandi dan kebiasaan ganti pakaian dengan kejadian skabies di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Juntinyuat Kabupaten Indramayu tahun 2018.</p><p><strong><em>Metode Penelitian:</em></strong></p><p>Jenis penelitian yang digunakan observasional analitik dengan rancangan <em>cross sectional</em> dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 43 responden. Teknik penarikan sampel yang digunakan adalah <em>Acidental Sampling</em>. Data dikumpulkan dengan wawancara langsung kepada responden dan dianalisis secara univariat dan bivariat dengan menggunakan uji <em>chi square</em>.</p><p><strong><em>Hasil:</em></strong></p><p>Hasil uji statistik diperoleh ada hubungan antara kebiasaan mandi dengan kejadian skabies di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Juntinyuat Kabupaten Indramayu (p=0,007&lt;0,05) dan ada hubungan antara kebiasaan ganti pakaian dengan kejadian skabies di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Juntinyuat Kabupaten Indramayu (p=0,009&lt;0,05).</p><p><strong><em>Kesimpulan:</em></strong></p><p>Ada hubungan antara kebiasaan mandi dan kebiasaan ganti pakaian dengan kejadian skabies di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Juntinyuat Kabupaten Indramayu tahun 2018.</p> Hamzah B, Hairil Akbar Copyright (c) 2020 Hamzah B, Hairil Akbar http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS/article/view/854 Fri, 10 Jul 2020 13:06:09 +0700 Factors Related to Dermatitis Contacts in Shrimp Workers In PT. Sultratuna Samudra Kendari http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS/article/view/898 <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong></p> <p><em>PT. Sultratuna Samudra Kendari is a company whose one unit of activity is exporting shrimp. In the shrimp, there are several ingredients that can be irritant to the skin. Besides that, in the washing of shrimp, this company uses chlorine, which also affects the skin if it hits the skin.</em><em>. Contact dermatitis can be caused by poor personal hygiene, prolonged contact with irritants, use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), and a history of skin allergies.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Objectives:</em></strong></p> <p><em>The purpose of this study was to determine the related factors including personal hygiene, contact duration, use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), and a history of skin allergies with the incidence of contact dermatitis in shrimp workers at PT. Sultratuna Samudra Kendari in 2018</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Research Methods: </em></strong></p> <p><em>This type of research is analytic observational with cross-sectional study approach. This research was conducted in the working area of PT. Sultana Samudra Kendari. The population in this study were all shrimp workers of PT. Sultratuna Samudra Kendari, amounting to 128 people with a sample of 44 respondents using accidental sampling technique.</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong></p> <p><em>The results showed that, based on the diagnosis of doctors suffering from contact dermatitis were 28 respondents (63.6%) and did not suffer from contact dermatitis were 16 respondents (36.4%), there was a relationship between personal hygiene (p-value = 0.003) , contact duration (p-value = 0.041), use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) (p-value = 0.002), and history of skin allergy (p-value = 0.002) with the incidence of contact dermatitis in shrimp workers at PT. Sultratuna Samudra Kendari</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong></p> <p><em>Factors associated with contact dermatitis in PT. Sultratuna Samudra Kendari is personal hygiene, contact duration, use of PPE, and a history of skin allergies.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p>Keywords: <em>Contact Dermatitis, Shrimp</em></p> Arum Dian Pratiwi Arum Copyright (c) 2020 Arum Dian Pratiwi, Fandi Abdillah, Sitti Rabbani Karimuna https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS/article/view/898 Wed, 15 Jul 2020 15:21:55 +0700 Analisis Potensi Bahaya dan Penilaian Risiko K3 dengan Metode Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS/article/view/903 <p><em>Gamelan Industry Center of Ponorogo Regency has a variety of potential hazards (low to extreme categories) from the production process. However, the level of workers aware of the importance of occupational safety and health is still low. The purpose of this research is to analyze the potential for hazards and assess risk with the Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) method in the Gamelan Industry Center. This research is an observational descriptive study. The research object examined was the hazards and risks of occupational safety and health in the Gamelan Industry Center. The stages in the research are the identification of potential hazards and risk assessment using the HAZOP method. The results of the analysis show that there are 10 types of potential hazards and 17 kinds of risks in the Gamelan Industry Center, namely 12 extreme risks, 14 high risks, 32 moderate risks, 8 low risks. The most dominant potential hazards are noise, with an average noise intensity of 99.85 dB so that it can cause hearing loss in workers. Proposed improvement in the form of administrative improvements includes the provision of PPE that is by workers' needs, applying 5R to industry, making SOP for the use of tools and materials.</em></p> ratih rahma Copyright (c) 2020 Ratih Andhika Akbar Rahma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS/article/view/903 Thu, 30 Jul 2020 13:09:34 +0700 Analysis of Rhodamine B in Tomato Sauce Circulating at the Campus Canteen of Halu Oleo University, Kendari http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS/article/view/916 <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong></p> <p><em>Food coloring is a food additive in the form of natural dyes and synthetic dyes when applied to food, able to give or improve color. rhodamine B is a synthetic dye that is very dangerous when inhaled, exposed to eyes or skin, and is swallowed. Of the 34 canteens at Halu Oleo University, all use tomato sauce and some are suspected of containing rhodamine B with bright and more conspicuous color characteristics</em>.</p> <p><strong><em>Objectives:</em></strong></p> <p><em>This study aimed to analyze synthetic dye of rhodamine B in tomato sauce circulating at the canteen of Halu Oleo University, Kendari.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Research Metodes: </em></strong></p> <p><em>The type of study was descriptive. The population in this study was all types of tomato sauce used in 34 canteens of the Halu Oleo University, and the samples were 13 canteens obtained using the purposive sampling technique. Measurement of rhodamine B using test kits of rhodamine B.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong></p> <p><em>The results showed that from 13 types of tomato sauce samples tested with test kits of rhodamine B by adding reagent (SbCl5 and Methyl Benzene) found 12 samples that did not change color (clear) means it did not contain rhodamine B (negative). But there was 1 sample of tomato sauce that changes color (purple), it means the tomato sauce was positive containing rhodamine B. The spectrophotometric test results obtained the amount of rhodamine B contained in the sample as many as 30.46842 ppm</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong></p> <p><em>Of the 13 canteens sampled, there was 1 canteen that used tomato sauce containing rhodamine B</em><em>.</em></p> <p>Keywords: <em>Rhodamine B, tomato sauce, canteen</em></p> lisnawaty lisnawaty Copyright (c) 2020 lisnawaty lisnawaty https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.uwgm.ac.id/index.php/KESMAS/article/view/916 Tue, 11 Aug 2020 14:15:18 +0700